Like all fields, photography, and especially professional photography, is not as easy as one may think. In fact, it is actually quite hard to produce photographs that will grab one’s attention in an instant. Here are some basic tips that can get you started, and help you take better pictures on your next vacation.
In composing photos, one must remember that the fewer objects there are, the better. Simplicity is good in photographs as there should be few distractions from the main subject. Cluttering the photo with so many elements will only distract the viewer. For instance, it is not interesting to watch photos of a crowd without a main focal point, like a building, a colourful character in the foreground. The image needs to contain an element that you can focus your attention onto.
It is necessary to find a point of interest and then do your best to highlight it or emphasize it by using the other techniques mentioned below.
To practice on your composition, you could study advertising photos in newspapers. You could also scan magazines for photos or visit photo exhibits.
Another technique that one must learn is contrast, as this makes for a great and interesting photo. For instance, a colorful subject will shine more when placed in a dark background. A great example is pairing up a small and a large object. By using contrast, you are not only highlighting one but two focal points, which will draw the eye into the photo.
Contrary to what most people think, subjects should not be in dead centre of the image. Generally, imbalance or any asymmetric element in the photo will be able to make the items in the image more interesting. This means that placing the subject off center is vastly more preferable than putting it on the centre.
Another technique in photography is framing. This is when you use an element in your composition to stand as a frame for the main subject. For instance, a branch of a tree serving as a frame to a couple of lovers sitting underneath it is better than just a shot of tree with the lovers under it. This will emphasize the subject better. One thing that photographers must remember though with framing is that the subject must be the sharper element. Focusing on the frame rather than the subject will only distract the eye from your focal point.
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